The crux of the issue lies in the fact that a small sliver of land, which is located west of the Jordan River and east of the Mediterranean Sea is holy to three different religions. Regardless of its name, it is considered holy to Christians, Muslims and Jews and it plays a central role in the origin of these religions. For Jewish people, this reion is the Promised Land.
They believe that it was given to them by God. The Jewish people were forced from the land in A. Ever since then, Jews dreamed of returning and recleiming their biblical land. Many Europeans blamed Jews for economic problems. Europe no longer felt safe for Jewish people, they felt that they could only be safe in their own country. The Arabs had been living there for hundreds of years and felt no obligation to make room for Jewish immigrants.
The Arabs felt that it was not their fault that the Jews were expelled by the Romans, nor did they feel responsible for the rising anti-Semitism in Europe. In early the British led an Arab revolt led by T. Lawrence against the crumbling Ottoman Empire of which Palestine was a part of. In exchange for their support the British promised the Arabs self-rule in former Ottoman territories.
However, in the British issued the Balfour Declaration which declared British support of a Jewsih state in Palestine. Thus British policy contradicted itself by promising the same land to two different groups. After the war Britain took over Palestine as a League of Nations mandate.
Under the mandate system, Britatin was to control Palestine until it was ready for self-rule. Both groups felt betrayed. Jewish immigration to Palestine continued, which added to the tension between Palestinian Arabs and Jewish immigrants. Britain had a difficult time controlling the two groups and in civil war erupted. World War II marked a turning point in the controversy over Palestine. Arabs and Jews continued to fight each other until Britan could no longer control the situation and in handed Palestine over to the UN, which proposed a division of Palestine into two states.
The Jews accepted the proposal while the Arabs rejected it outright. On May 14 the independent state of Israel was born. On May 15 five surrounding Arab nations attacked it. The war led to an increase in Israeli territory and Israel controlled more than half of the land set aside for the Arabs under the UN partition plan. Take a minute to evaluate your evidence. Write a thesis which answers the essay question. The easiest way to write a thesis is to use wording from the actual question.
Analyze the following documents using the analysis sheets provided. Some questions may not be answered. Minutes from the meeting of the Eastern Committee of the British Parliament. Churchill White Paper, British White Paper, United Nations Resolution, Map of the Partition of Palestine, Strangers in the House. It is accordingly understood between the French and British governments: That France and Great Britain are prepared to recognize and protect an independent Arab states or a confederation of Arab states a and b marked on the annexed map, under the suzerainty of an Arab chief.
That in area a France, and in area b Great Britain, shall have priority of right of enterprise and local loans. That in area a France, and in area b Great Britain, shall alone supply advisers or foreign functionaries at the request of the Arab state or confederation of Arab states.
That in the blue area France, and in the red area Great Britain, shall be allowed to establish such direct or indirect administration or control as they desire and as they may think fit to arrange with the Arab state or confederation of Arab states.
That in the brown area there shall be established an international administration, the form of which is to be decided upon after consultation with Russia, and subsequently in consultation with the other allies, and the representatives of the Shereef of Mecca.
The letter was published a week later in The Times London of London. I have much pleasure in conveying to you. His Majesty's Government view with favor the establishment in Palestine of a national home for the Jewish people, and will use their best endeavors to facilitate the achievement of this object, it being clearly understood that nothing shall be done which may prejudice the civil and religious rights of existing non-Jewish communities in Palestine, or the rights and political status enjoyed by Jews in any other country.
I should be grateful if you would bring this declaration to the knowledge of the Zionist Federation. The Palestine position is this. If we deal with our commitments, there is first the general pledge to Hussein in October , under which Palestine was included in the areas as to which Great Britain pledged itself that they should be Arab and independent in the future.
Great Britain and France - Italy subsequently agreeing - committed themselves to an international administration of Palestine in consultation with Russia, who was an ally at that time. A new feature was brought into the case in November , when Mr.
Balfour, with the authority of the War Cabinet, issued his famous declaration to the Zionists that Palestine 'should be the national home of the Jewish people, but that nothing should be done - and this, of course, was a most important proviso - to prejudice the civil and religious rights of the existing non-Jewish communities in Palestine.
Those, as far as I know, are the only actual engagements into which we entered with regard to Palestine. That letter is quoted as conveying the promise to the Sherif of Mecca to recognize and support the independence of the Arabs within the territories proposed by him.
But this promise was given subject to a reservation made in the same letter, which excluded from its scope, among other territories, the portions of Syria lying to the west of the District of Damascus. This reservation has always been regarded by His Majesty's Government as covering the vilayet of Beirut and the independent Sanjak of Jerusalem. The whole of Palestine west of the Jordan was thus excluded from Sir. His Majesty's Government believe that the framers of the Mandate in which the Balfour Declaration was embodied could not have intended that Palestine should be converted into a Jewish State against the will of the Arab population of the country.
They would indeed regard it as contrary to their obligations to the Arabs under the Mandate, as well as to the assurances which have been given to the Arab people in the past, that the Arab population of Palestine should be made the subjects of a Jewish State against their will. We were exiled by force of arms. We were exiled on foot. We were exiled to take the earth as our bed.
And the sky as a cover. And to be fed from the crums to those among the governments and international organizations who imparted their charity. We were exiled but we left our souls, our hopes, our childhood in Palestine. We left our joys and sorrows. We left them in every corner, and on every grain of sand in Palestine. We left them with each lemon fruit, with each olive.
We left them in the roses and flowers. We left them in the flowering tree that stands with pride at the entrance of our house in al-Ramla.
We left them in the remains of our fathers and ancestors. We left them as witnesses and history. We left them, hoping to return. United Nations partition of Palestine, Arab Palestinians began to leave their homes in cities in December The number of Arab Palestinians leaving their homes increased to hundreds of thousands by May During the last week of April in , as the fighting came closer to their home, the Palestinian family in this passage left Jaffa for Ramallah.
On May 14, , Israel was established. This new country included the city of Jaffa. Ramallah was in the West Bank that became part of Jordan. His father had left him nothing. How difficult it must have been to bid all this farewell. The image of my father, his every step echoing in the empty streets of the deserted city, still haunts me. He moved on to the marketplace, empty except for a few shops that had somehow remained open.
The place was deserted, prepared to be captured. What have we done, he wondered. How could we have all left? Raja Shehadeh, Strangers in the House: Then came the events of the Suez battle. We all know what happened in When we rose to demand our rights, Britain, France and Israel opposed us, and we were faced with the tripartite aggression. We resisted, however, and proclaimed that we would fight to the last drop of our blood.
God gave us success and God's victory was great…Preparations have already been made. We are now ready to confront Israel. They have claimed many things about the Suez war, but no one believed them after the secrets of the collusion were uncovered- that mean collusion in which Israel took part.
Now we are ready for the confrontation.
The Arab-Israeli conflict is a struggle between the Jewish state of Israel and the Arabs of the Middle East concerning the area known as Palestine. The term "Palestine" has been associated variously and sometimes controversially with this small region.
- The Arab-Israeli Conflict The Arab-Israeli conflict is one of the most prolonged and bloody conflicts in not only modern history, but in the ancient world as well. The roots of the conflict, as well as the arguments on both sides, are as diversified and complicated as the conflict itself.
The Arab-Israeli Conflict Essay Words | 8 Pages. Your Name Pol March 20, Term Paper The Arab- Israeli Conflict The Arab- Israeli Conflict is a conflict between the Arab and Jewish people in the Middle East over Israel and Palestine. This conflict has led to wars and millions of displaced people. Arab Attack Of Israel. Since the Arab nations have kept on plotting their attack of Israel to capture back the land they believe is theirs. Arab governments formed Palestinian Liberation Organization (PLO) in , with the aim of getting back Palestinians land.
The Arab-Israeli conflict is an abiding global situation that can teach students a great deal about how war and conflict work. This lesson offers a series of essay prompts designed to get students thinking seriously about the Arab-Israeli conflict. Arab-Israeli Conflict This essay aims to specify the background and history of the evolution of the Arab-Israeli conflict. The major events that played a fueling role in arise and growth of this conflict will be discussed briefly.