It includes the ability to recognize and produce a variety of rhythms, tones, and pitches. Bodily-kinesthetic intelligence refers to the ability to use one's body to solve problems and the ability to organize oneself in space, such as in dance.
Such learners typically are most comfortable with a hands-on approach rather than lectures. Spatial intelligence is the ability to visualize and use space. Such people are often artistically inclined.
The final two intelligences are described by Gardner as personal intelligences. They are associated with one's relationship with oneself and others. Interpersonal intelligence is the ability to discern the feelings, desires, and motivations of other people. Counselors, salespeople, and leaders require a strong interpersonal intelligence. Intrapersonal intelligence refers to the understanding of one's self. They are successful with subjects such as philosophy and learn best when given opportunities for careful reflection.
In Gardner described two additional intelligences: People with a high level of naturalistic intelligence have a high level of sensitivity to the natural world and their place within it. They are typically successful with growing and caring for plants and animals. Existential intelligence refers to the understanding of life's profound and universal questions, such as the meaning of life and death. The last two intelligences were not as well accepted as the first seven.
Other intelligences suggested by Gardner are moral and spiritual. Advocates of multiple intelligences claim that every person has all types of intelligence to some degree, and, if given the appropriate environment, can develop their weaker areas to a level of competency.
Each type of intelligence functions and interacts within each person in different ways, and the interaction is essential to completing various tasks. For example, to cook a meal, one must use linguistic intelligence to read the cookbook, logical-mathematical to measure the correct portions, and bodily-kinestetic intelligence to mix to the desired consistency. Gardner did not intend the theory to be used to categorize people.
He wanted multiple intelligences to be a way of disaggregating people, showing ways in which they differ from one another, and not a way of putting labels on them Gardner, According to Gardner's research, there are greater variations within groups of people than there is between groups of people.
Proponents of this theory argue that more children would learn successfully and with efficiency if a wide variety of methodologies, activities, and assessments were used. Contrary to the MI way of teaching is the traditional skill based curriculum in which all students learn the same thing in the same way and the same measures are used to evaluate their competency with the material.
MI teaching requires that students be given a variety of ways to show their understanding of a concept, and the emphasis is on application and ownership of information rather than on rote memorization. A study of English-language learners in Malaysia supports intelligence integration. Central to the application of MI theory is the concept of the profile of intelligences.
An individual's profile is the combination of strengths or weaknesses among and between the different types of intelligences. This orientation eliminates the delineation between high, medium, and low achieving children, as all areas in which a child may achieve are considered and valued. Instead of looking at a child as simply capable or not capable of learning, the profile of intelligences takes into consideration how a child learns best and what sorts of products children may create that reflect their learning.
Educational researcher Micheal Rettig has found that this approach is successful from the earliest years of schooling and applies to teaching children of various abilities, including those with cognitive and physical disabilities. The theory in practice. Intelligences in theory and practice: A response to Elliot W. Sternberg, and Henry M. Teachers College Record, 95 4 , Seven ways of knowing: Teaching for multiple intelligences.
Seven ways of teaching: Multiple intelligence approaches to assessment: Solving the assessment conundrum. Learning styles and culture: Bridging home and school through multiple intelligences. Paper presented at the annual mee. Multiple Intelligences Research Paper.
IQ tests have been surely invented and promoted to apply interior the school structures with the intention to locate which teenagers weren't going to do nicely verify Alfred Binet.
Garnder's concept is extra inclusive and money owed for issues usual IQ tests do no longer. Related Questions Multiple Intelligence Theory? Theory of Multiple Intelligences? Help with capitalizing certain letters in research paper? Answer Questions How to make friends with Self defeating personality disorder? Ending weekend visits from my husbands 21 year old son? How to talk to people with substance?
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Multiple intelligence is a theory developed by Howard Gardner and first published in his book “Frames of Mind.” This theory views human intelligence as a complex web of abilities that are evident in one's products and preferences for learning.
Multiple Intelligences: What Does the Research Say? Proposed by Howard Gardner in , the theory of multiple intelligences has revolutionized how we understand intelligence. Learn more about the research behind his theory.
Cognitive Development: Multiple Intelligences - In this paper, I will give a brief overview of Gardner’s Theory of Multiple Intelligences (MI). I will also discuss the merits and critiques of the theory in the . Multiple Intelligences and Gardner research papers discuss Gardner's theory of learning, which is a notion that is comprised of multiple intelligence. Origins of Intelligence in Children research papers evaluate the work by Jean Piaget on Cognitive Development.
Scribd is the world's largest social reading and publishing site. Multiple Intelligences: The Research Perspective Edited by Shirley Veenema, Lois Hetland, and Karen Chalfen A Brief Overview of the Theory The theory of multiple intelligences challenges the traditional view of intelligence as a unitary and who toss crumbled paper.