Like their British contemporaries, American Modernists rejected traditional institutions and forms. Make a chart to identify aspects of modernism. In the left column list the characteristics of modernism; in the middle column find specific passages; in the right column write an analysis of the passage.
The following are characteristics of Modernism: Marked by a strong and intentional break with tradition. This break includes a strong reaction against established religious, political, and social views. Belief that the world is created in the act of perceiving it; that is, the world is what we say it is. There is no such thing as absolute truth. All things are relative.
No connection with history or institutions. Their experience is that of alienation, loss, and despair. Championship of the individual and celebration of inner strength. Concerned with the sub-conscious. Popular British Modernists include the following: James Joyce from Dublin, Ireland - His most experimental and famous work, Ulysses , completely abandons generally accepted notions of plot, setting, and characters.
Significant modernist works continued to be created in the s and s, including further novels by Marcel Proust, Virginia Woolf, Robert Musil 'Man without qualities' , and Dorothy Richardson. The American modernist dramatist Eugene O'Neill 's career began in , but his major works appeared in the s and s and early s. Lawrence 's Lady Chatterley's Lover was published in , while another important landmark for the history of the modern novel came with the publication of William Faulkner 's The Sound and the Fury in Then in James Joyce 's Finnegans Wake appeared.
It was in this year that another Irish modernist, W. Cummings , and Wallace Stevens continued writing from the s until the s. The term late modernism is sometimes applied to modernist works published after Basil Bunting , born in , published his most important modernist poem Briggflatts in Samuel Beckett , who died in , has been described as a "later modernist".
The terms minimalist and post-modernist have also been applied to his later works. More recently the term late modernism has been redefined by at least one critic and used to refer to works written after , rather than With this usage goes the idea that the ideology of modernism was significantly re-shaped by the events of World War II , especially the Holocaust and the dropping of the atom bomb. The Scottish writer Ali Smith has been considered by many to be a very late Modernist writer.
The term Theatre of the Absurd is applied to plays written by primarily European playwrights , that express the belief that human existence has no meaning or purpose and therefore all communication breaks down. Logical construction and argument gives way to irrational and illogical speech and to its ultimate conclusion, silence.
Critic Martin Esslin coined the term in his essay, "Theatre of the Absurd. Though the term is applied to a wide range of plays, some characteristics coincide in many of the plays: From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For modern literature, see History of modern literature. The examples and perspective in this article may not represent a worldwide view of the subject. You may improve this article , discuss the issue on the talk page , or create a new article , as appropriate.
August Learn how and when to remove this template message. Contemporary French literature Experimental literature Expressionism theatre History of theatre 20th century in literature Twentieth-century English literature. Retrieved 20 April Spring - Summer, , pp. A Reference Guide , p. The Twentieth Century , ed.
Merriam Webster's Encyclopedia of Literature. The Structure of Obscurity: Gertrude Stein, Language, and Cubism. University of Illinois Press. Oxford University Press, Edited by Dinah Birch. Oxford University Press Inc. His final essay on modernism. Cambridge University Press, Archived from the original on Anna Akhmatova Richard Aldington W.
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Literary modernism. Literary modernism, or modernist literature, has its origins in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, mainly in Europe and North America, and is characterized by a self-conscious break with traditional ways of writing, in both poetry and prose fiction.
Modernist literature was a predominantly English genre of fiction writing, popular from roughly the s into the s. Modernist literature came into its own.
The Modernist Period in English Literature occupied the years from shortly after the beginning of the twentieth century through roughly In broad terms, the period was marked by sudden and unexpected breaks with traditional ways of viewing and interacting with the world. What is Modernism? Don't confuse Modernism with the standard definition of modern. Modernism in Literature, for example, does not mean contemporary. Modernism in Literature, in fact, encompasses works of the early 20th century.
Overview of Literary Modernism: Authors, Context, and Style chances are that you might be looking at a work of Modernist Literature. So that's a good little trick to use if you're trying to. Like the Renaissance, the Enlightenment, and Romanticism, Modernism is a period or movement—an international movement in European, American, and World art, literature, and culture. Modernism occurs approximately years after Romanticism (late s - mids or later) and, more precisely, after the Realistic period in American literature.