Beam, , springboard, bench, crash mats, uneven bars, rings, horse, pommel horse and parallel bars. Hope this helped x. What is used in gymnastics? In artistic gymnastics you use a beam, bar, beam and floor and sometimes trampoline and vault.. In Rhythmic gymnastics you use rope, ball, clubs, ribbon, hoop, and free no equipment all on a floor..
Spring board for the vault. Springs to go in the Spring Board. Braces knee, ankle, etc. What musles do you use for gymnastics? You need all your muscles for gymnastics. Male Gymnasts need more upper body strength than leg stength, while female gymnasts need a combination of the two.
Terms used in gymnastics? There are many, many, MANY terms used in gymnastics. I have been doing gymnastics for about 8 years and my coaches say so many different things, that it is difficult to keep up with each word and its meaning. Nobody knows how many skills exist in gymnastics because people today will put two skills together and they will have a brand new skill with a brand new name, then, they will put THAT new skill with another skill, and guess what? You have another new skill.
The list of gymnastics skills are endless. But anyhow, by "terms" you could have meant terms coaches use to improve skills. You might hear "stay tight" or "stick it" or "heel drive" a lot of times. Stay tight means to flex every muscle in your body to make your trick or flip look pretty.
Stick it means to end your skill, even if you fell down. If you stick it, even with a fall, the judges will increase your score. It makes you look happy and confident and that's what judges want. There are a lot of skills, terms, and just stuff in gymnastics. The best way to learn all of these things, is try gymnastics. It's an extreme but fun sport and it keeps you fit and motivated.
I love gymnastics because of the challenge, and for all the terms! What is a straight used in gymnastics? The equipment used in gymnastics is there is a vaulting table always about centimeters off the ground. On bars the men use one parallel metal bar. The women use two uneven bars made of wood. Also for bars women and men use grips that they put chalk on to say put on the bars.
For floor you use a spring floor to make the tumbling easier. For beam women use a long "beam" that is 4 in. Men do not do beam. What are some terms used in Christianity? Bishop, Priest, Saint, Resurrection, Last Day A knowledge of keywords and terms used in Scripture and an appreciation of their meaning is essential to the understanding and practice of Christianity. If you use "Search" above using either "question" or "answers" you will find questions or answers dealing with most of these terms.
What are some terms used in lacrosse? What are the different terms in gymnastics and define each term? There are way too many gymnastics terms to simply be able to list them here for you. I suggest Googling a gymnastics dictionary. What equipment do they use for gymnastics? What is arnis that is used in gymnastics? Arnis is a type of martial arts that was once practiced as a typeof self-defense. Arnis is used in gymnastics as a way to strengthenthe body and promote hand-eye coordination.
In gymnastics what is the floor exercise used for? Women do their floor routines to music, men do not. What are the apparatuses used in gymnastics?
There are 4 main apparatuses used in gymnastics. Uneven Bars , Beam , Floor and Vault.. Rings , Floor , Table Top and Bar.. What science is used in gymnastics? It determines your every move while on bars, beam, vault, or floor. It sends your body forward instead of backward out of a front-handspring. How is science useful in gymnastics? Science is useful in gymnastics because it contributes to every trick that you may do.
For example, the force of gravity affected your balance and performance on every element and equipment in the whole gym centre, AKA; the beam- your sense of balance, the bars and rings- gravity pulls you down, and on the trampoline and floor, you are able to fly through the air but not for very long!!! Science is useful in gymnastics because of gravity, surface tension, heat energy, static electricity and friction. What do gymnasts use to swing on? What egipment is used in gymnastics?
A Leotard or sometimes called 'body' , arm band wrists, ballet shoes if you need ones , and equipment is also Chalk which helps you to save yourself from sliding Gymnastics is an activity involving performance excercises requiring physical strength, flexibility, agility, coordination, balance, and grace. What equipment use to be used in gymnastics? Gymnastics has many types of equitment. It has the same ones for a LONG time.
What are some terms used in rugby? Term use in gymnastic? There are a huge variety of gymnastics terms. These includecompulsory, block, heel drive, hurdle, grip, and swing. Other termsinclude over grip, peel, and supination.
What are uneven bars in gymnastics used for? The uneven bars are used for doing a complex routine Olympics or for levels, they are simply for moves that you get scored on from a 0.
It is one of the 4 events that GIRL gymnasts compete on. What are the things used in gymnastics? There's a lot of different equipment used in gymnastics, like the four main Women events for example: The men also have other events that women do not use because of natural strengths. Mats and Weights are also used, along with single bars, foam pits, etc. Instrument used in gymnastics? How popular is gymnastics in the US?
How am i supposed to know you should of studied this already. Noweither you dont pay attention in class or your just dumb. Now, Goto the top of your screen click x and never come back to me again. I told you to get off you dint need to knowabout my love life. Plus wiki isnt a reliable source. Consideringpeople can do what i just did. Know go away and neverreturn.!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! How is gravity used in gymnastics? Gravity is not "used". In gymnastics, gymnasts almost defy-gravity by flipping in the air but have no control of what gravity does.
When was gymnastics in the US? In the s, the sport of gymnastics was introduced to United States and its school systems by such immigrants as Charles Beck, Charles Follen and Francis Lieber http: To keep safe in gymnastics what are you to use? In gymnastics terms what dose mount mean? A mount is the way you get onto the beam eg.
A dismount is the way you get off the beam eg. What does the term tripod mean in gymnasticstripod in gymnastics? When doing a tripod one stands on their head with their headframing one leg of the tripod, and their two hands making the othertwo legs of the tripod.
What was gymnastics used for? Taking part in a sport like gymnastics not only fun and pleasurable to participants but also encourages self-confidence.. Participation in Gymnastics develops body awareness, strength, flexibility, control and co-ordination, which can be drawn upon during other physical activities, sports and in every day life.
What are the terms of the gymnastics? The Term Of Gymnastics: If dealing with bars: What is wall bar that is used in gymnastics? So you don't lean back when you are doing leg lifts or chin up s. What are the names of turns that are used in gymnastics? What kind of turns? Bars, beam, vault, floor? You are probably thinking of cast back hip circle Beam: Half turn of full turn Vault: Not really sure Floor: What are some terms used in plumbing?
In plumbing, a trap is a U-, S-, or J-shaped pipe located below or within a plumbing fixture. An S-shaped trap is also known as the S-bend invented by Alexander Cummings in but became known as the U-bend following the introduction of the U-shaped trap by Thomas Crapper in The new U-bend could not jam, so, unlike the S-bend, it did not need an overflow. The bend is used to prevent sewer gases from entering buildings. In refineryapplications, it also prevents hydrocarbons and other dangerous gases from escaping outside through drains.
The most common of these traps in houses is referred to as a P-trap. It is the addition of a 90 degree fitting on the outlet side of a U-bend, thereby creating a P-like shape. It can also be referred to as a sink trap due to the fact it is installed under most house sinks. Because of its shape, the trap retains a small amount of water after the fixture's use. This water in the trap creates a seal that prevents sewer gas from passing from the drain pipes back into the occupied space of the building.
Essentially all plumbing fixtures includingsinks, bathtubs, and toilets must be equipped with either an internal or external trap. Because it is a localized low-point in the plumbing, sink traps also tend to capture heavy objects such as jewelry that are inadvertently dropped into the sink.
Traps also tend to collect hair, sand, and other debris and limit the ultimate size of objects that will pass on into the rest of the plumbing, thereby catching over-sized objects. For all of these reasons, most traps can either be disassembled for cleaning or they provide some sort of cleanout feature. Terms of gymnastic and their meaning?
What are the terms and faces of gymnastic? The highest possible and most desired routine score for gymnasts to achieve on a single routine. In the past and perhaps in the future, at least for men's gymnastics, scores may exceed In general, refers to movements moving outward from the center of the body.
Hip abduction is moving the legs, knees and feet outward. Shoulder abduction is moving the arms and hands out to the side. Term referring to tumbling skill on beam or floor exercise, used most commonly when describing combination dance-acro requirements. Sometimes called corner skills in men's gymnastics. For women, it includes some of the slower, more controlled elements, like a front walkover.
See also - Sports Acrobatics. The practice of having a relaxed limb moved beyond its normal range of motion with the assistance of a partner. Another method of active flexibility is using high kicks of the leg. This is the type of flexibility exercise has more potential for muscle tears than passive stretching.
Hip adduction is bringing the knees together. Shoulder adduction is pressing the arms downward while out to the side. The pair of adductor muscles on the inside of the thighs pull the legs toward each other. These are the muscles that must be stretched in order to perform a straddle split.
A skill performed without the hands touching the floor or the apparatus. Most commonly used to refer to an aerial cartwheel or aerial front walkover. Describes a gymnast who competes in all their gymnastics events. For men, this is six events, and for women it is four events. Also refers to the event competition won by scoring the highest score sum total in all of the events. There are two types of allegro jumps - grand allegro are large jumps and petite allegro are small jumps.
To to stretch or elongate. Any tumbling pass that directly connects two saltos somersaults or flips by the use of any handspring skill. Round-off whip back handspring whip. It is more common to see alternates done with backward tumbling rather than front tumbling. In gymnastics, this term refers to height, distance and full extension in the execution of a particular skill. In general, the higher the or bigger a skill is performed, the better the amplitude and the resulting score.
Historically at times, the FIG code has given bonus for amplitude. Any one of the pieces of equipment used in gymnastics competition, including the vaulting table, uneven bars, balance beam, the horizontal bar, parallel bars, the pommel horse and still rings. In gymnastics and ballet, a pose on one leg with the other leg extended behind the body. The supporting leg either bent or straight. Stand on one foot and raise the other leg to the back in a split preferably a degree split with a straight leg and turned out from the hip; while keeping the trunk fully upright.
Also see Turnout and Scale Arabesque Penche: An arabesque scale in which the back is allowed to drop so that the rear leg may be raised higher. Can be done in tuck, pike or layout and can also be stepped -out.
Also now done from a stand on beam. An Arabian front done with two somersaults. Done in either tuck or pike or even in layout. A position, in which the back is curved backwards, the chest is open and. Used in dance movements. Is not usually desirable in tumbling or bars. Dance term meaning to the back.
The Olympic sport for men and women performed on apparatus and judged individually, by event, in the All-Around and by team. Men's events are floor exercise, horizontal bar, parallel bars, pommel horse, still rings and vault. Women's events are vault, uneven parallel bars balance beam and floor exercise.
The lowest level of difficulty rating for gymnastics skills other than moves of no value. For example, front and back handsprings are rated as "A" level skills by the F. To assemble, a jump from one foot landing on two feet.
A common ballet and gymnastics movement where the legs are brought together in the air. It begins with a step and ends on both feet. The gymnast lifts one leg up and springs off the other On landing, both feet have closed together. A pose on one leg with the other extended with the knee slightly bent either to the front, side, or back.
A position of the body, similar to the arabesque, where the extended leg is bent at the knee. Also what gymnasts and some coaches have too much of. Dance term meaning to the front. One of a number of terms for a back somersault move that begins usually taking off two feet, rotates then lands again on the feet.
A tumbling move where a gymnast takes off from one or two feet, jumps backward onto the hands and lands on the feet.
This skill can be as a step-out skill usual method on beam or landed on two feet. Round-off back handsprings are the basis for almost all back tumbling skills.
Back handsprings are also called a Flip-Flop or Flic-Flac. One of the number of terms for a back salto move that begins usually taking off two feet, rotates then lands again on the feet.
A somersaulting dismount off beam, parallel bars, rings, bars or even pommel horse using an back aerial somersault. A control skill gymnastics move starting and finishing on the feet and made by lifting one leg, arching back into and passing through a handstand position by bringing one foot, then the other over the top and stepping down from the handstand into a lunge.
Done on floor and beam and often used on beam in combination with a back handspring to fulfill the flight series combination requirement. A body position with an high degree of bending with an arched back and stretched shoulders where the hands and feet are on the floor. To do correctly with the shoulders over the hands and straight legs, requires above average back and shoulder flexibility.
A term used in gymnastics to describe when a gymnast kicks one leg to the rear while standing, grabs the leg from overhead, and ends up in a needle scale position See: A double back salto with a full twist. The twist is initiated and completed during the second salto. Also called a Full-Out Balance Beam: The balance beam routine should last between 70 to 90 seconds and includes a variety of acrobatic, gymnastic, and dance moves, ending with a dismount.
A dance move meaning to swing or rock, usually done as a swinging 3-step movement. A dance term that means see-saw. A see-saw movement that as the leg moves forward and backwards, the body bends in the opposite direction. On trampoline this term refers to a front somersault done from a bounce on the back. The use of momentum or "bouncing" to force a limb beyond its range of motion in order to warm up or increase flexibility.
Examples of ballistic stretching would be leg swings or bouncing in splits. Such stretches may lead to injury if the body is not thoroughly warmed up, but if done carefully with light force and controlled amplitude , experienced gymnasts may benefit from these flexibility exercises. A horizontal rod that serves as a part of a gymnastics apparatus for gymnasts as they perform exercises.
They are found on uneven bars, high bars and parallel bars. A bar can also be called a Rail. A forward somersault with a half-twist. A barani usually refers to a two-foot punch take-off, two-foot landing aerial skill. A hurdle step, one-foot aerial take-off, two foot landing skill would be more accurately called an "aerial barani". A dance term meaning movement of the leg. A salto on uneven bars named after Mohini Bhardwaj. She first performed the skill in International competition in It is done from a hang on the high bar, facing the low bar with a swing forward, and a layout salto backward with a full turn degrees between bars to a handstand on the low bar.
A rings skill named after Raj Bhavsar. The term block in gymnastics is usually used to describe a rapid bounce, repulsion or rebounding off the floor or vault with the arms. The block comes from the shoulders exploding towards full extension and usually is used in reference to handsprings on floor and all vaults off the vault horse..
A wave-like contraction movement of the entire body passing through the hips, shoulders, arms and head. Bonus points in a routine are created by the combination of difficult C or D level skills or by performing the very difficult E or Super E skills.
A balance beam skill named after Amanda Borden. An uneven bar skill named after Doris Fuchs Brause. It is done from the low bar facing away from the high bar, with a cast to front salto forward and catching the high bar. It has been rated as a C skill by the FIG. Another term for a backbend in which the body forms an arch, supported by the hands and feet. Ideally, the arms and legs should be straight and close together. It is often done starting by lying on the floor, bending the knees up with the feet on the floor and then pushing up with the arms and legs.
A pommel horse skill named after Casey Bryan. It has been rated by the Fig as a C level skill. A short gymnastic horse without pommels and with one end elongated. It used to be used lengthwise for vaulting and sideways for learning pommel horse skills. It is not commonly used for vaulting training any longer, but still is sometimes used as a training tool for pommel horse. Also called a pommel buck. A gymnastics and ballet leap in which one leg is extended in midair and the other beat against it before the gymnast lands on the foot used for take-off..
Cabrioles can be done to the front, side and back. The kick-the-habit kick on TV commercials was a cabriole. A candle stick is a shoulder stand position where the gymnast is essentially resting on the back of their shoulders with their feet pointed towards the ceiling. The gymnast's arms can be in a variety of original artistic positions or on the floor to assist with support and balance. A gymnastics movement where the gymnast moves sideways in the motion the wheel of a cart would follow in a straight line alternately placing the hands and feet on the ground and finishing with the body coming up to a lunge landing position.
The name cartwheel is so named because when a gymnast performs this, their arms and legs move like the spokes of a turning wheel. A gymnastics and ballet leap where a gymnast takes off from one foot, raising one knee and then the other in a turned out position and the toes pointed. Also called a Pas de Chat. A turn on the balls of the feet, usually done in a series of half turns. Turns that are linked together; that is chained together.
To do this turn correctly, it is especially important to spot the turn correctly. Keep your eyes focused on one spot in the direction you are turning.
As you execute the turn leave the head there until the last moment when you have to whip it around to complete the turn. Whip it into exactly the same spot you started the head in to keep you in a straight line.
A dance movement of the feet which gives the impression of one foot chasing the other, often used as a lead-up to a leap. A front prone arched balance pose in which the performer's chest is resting on the floor for support and the legs are up in the air over the head stretching forward.
An uneven bar skill named after Amy Chow. The act of moving the body, with or without apparatus, in a full circle with forward and backward flexion of the trunk and one hand leading the other to make a small circle in front of the body or a large circle around the body and overhead. A back hip circle in which the body hips do not touch the bar. At the optional level, the skill should start and finish in a handstand. Also called a Free Hip Handstand.
The official FIG rulebook for judging gymnastics skills from the International Gymnastics Federation with the rules in which the scoring system and the composition of a program are based. The code of points specifies the difficulty value of all skills, as well as outlines requirements that must be fulfilled for each event. It is a necessary and valuable tool for coaches and judges. Back somersault from a front drop on the stomach done on the trampoline.
This can be a difficult skill to rotate when first learning it. The structure of a gymnastics routine and how each individual element, movement or skill is arranged into a routine is called the composition of the routine. The overall arrangement of individual movements and skills into a gymnastics routine.
A routine in which the elements are pre-determined by an organization such as USA Gymnastics or other national federation or by the FIG. Routines that are specified and designated by the gymnastics federation for certain levels of gymnasts and which all gymnasts at that level must perform.
Compulsory routines are no longer a part of international competitions. They are used in the U. Also called mandatory routines.
All gymnasts competing compulsory routines must perform specified skills in a specified order. Compulsory routines have been eliminated from higher level optional gymnastics competitions.
Compulsory is an adjective used to describe routines, levels and gymnasts. A concentric contraction is when a muscle shortens while contracting. Doing a pull-up by contractng the biceps is an example. A ballet term whose literal meaning is to cut. It is a ballet dance movement that calls for the non-support foot to be pulled sharply off the floor and placed with a pointed toe either in the back or the front of the ankle.
A counter turn is most often used to describe the turning of the hips in the opposite direction of a double leg circle. When a gymnast has their legs straight in front of them, their hips should be turning in the opposite direction of their circle. For a clockwise circle the gymnast's right hip will be higher than their left. This enables the gymnast to extend and drive their heels for the completion of the circle. It enables a much stronger circle, and allows for spindles to be performed dynamically.
Also called a suicide, but that term is not too popular with gym owners.. A strength move performed on the still rings, in a straight body or " L" position, with the body perpendicular to the floor and the arms stretched straight out perpendicular to the body.
Also called an Iron Cross. A pommel horse skill named after Tim Daggett. It has been rated as a C level skill by the FIG. An uneven bar skill named after Dominique Dawes. It has been rated by the FIG as a D level skill. Its FIG number is 4. Points are taken off a gymnast's score for any errors. At the end of the routine the deductions are added up together and are deducted from A rating that measures the difficulty of the specific moves in a gymnast's routine. It is factored into the total score after judges have scored the execution of the moves.
Difficulty in a routine is created by the combination of difficult skills or by performing the very difficult E or Super E skills. Literally translated to a small bend. This is a fundamental ballet movement that calls for the knees, to bend in perfect alignment over the toes with the feet flat on the floor and making sure that the heels of the feett do not lift off the floor. This is a ballet and gymnastics dance movement.
It is then developed unfolded to its full extension, either to the front, side or back of the gymnast's body. This is a skill in gymnastics, that involves a rotating of the shoulders when performing a backwards turn or movement.
Dislocates require a degree of shoulder flexibility to perform. On bars, dislocates are often done out of a glide jam. The term used for the last skill in a gymnastics routine. For most events the method used to get off of the event apparatus. In high level competition, this skill should be at most one skill value below the hardest skill in the routine, e. A tumbling skill with two consecutive backwards somersaults done in the same skill movement.
Double backs can be done in any body position - tuck, pike, open, or layout. A double twisting, double back somersault tumbling skill. This is perhaps the most difficult tumbling skill currently done on a regulation gymnastics floor. It is done in either the open tuck position or in layout. It is also used as a dismount on high bar, rings, and uneven bars. A gymnastics tumbling skill consisting of a single layout salto with two twists.
It can also be done as a dismount from beam or bars, although it is rarely used off bars because of the difficulty of landing upright. Also called a Double Twist. A double back salto performed in the layout position. A single layout somersault with two twists.
The use of a controlled swinging movements through the range of motion of a limb, in order to warm up or increase flexibility. In an eagle grip, a gymnasts hands are turned degrees outward from a regular over grip. The hands and thumbs are turned out in the grip. This position requires a high degree of shoulder flexibility to swing comfortably and maintain a firm grip during the swing.
Also called an L Grip. An eccentric contraction is when a contracting muscle lengthens. An example is lowering down by straightening the arms from a chin-up. An inverted pose in which the performer balances on the forearms on the floor. Kind of like a handstand on the forearms. A single move that has a recognized way of performance and technical value.
To be named after a gymnast, he or she must first submit the element to the FIG and then successfully perform the element in a FIG sanctioned international competition, such as the World Championships or Olympic Games. A bar and uneven bar skill done by performing a forward straddle circle, usually to a handstand, named after Frank Endo. Also called an Endo Shoot. The amplitude, form, style and technique used to complete the skills in in the performance of a routine. Bent knees and flexed toes are examples of poor execution.
A term commonly used by gymnasts and coaches to refer to the height of the leg when it is raised into the air during a dance skill.
The act of stretching or straightening out a flexed limb. Extension of a joint is moving toward its most straight position. Flexion is the bending of a joint. Opposing muscles move each joint in the body toward extension or flexion. The international and Olympic governing body of competitive gymnastics. The FIG is recognized by the International Olympic Committee and is responsible for the governance of the sport of gymnastics on the international level.
They draw up the rules, known as the Code of Points, which dictate how judges assess gymnasts and the manner in which all international competitions are run.. The ability to move a body joint through its full range of motion, the range of motion through which a joint can move without feeling pain.
To have a wide range of motion in a joint. An example of the types of flexibility required of gymnasts is to be able to do all three splits. Movement about a joint in which bones on either side of the joint are brought closer together, decreasing the angle of the joint. Any movement of a joint, which brings connected body parts closer together. Also known as a Flip-Flop or Back Handspring. This tumbling element is used in a majority of back tumbling passes on the floor exercise.
Tumbling element that rotates about the transverse horizontal axis. Also called somersault, a salto or somie. Also known as a Flic-Flac or Back Handspring. A gymnastics event which is competed by both men and women, where the gymnast performs tumbling and acrobatic passes on a 40 foot square spring floor. Women's floor exercise is done to music. A back salto dismount from either the unevens or high bar. Can be done in tuck pike or layout. An uneven bar dismount named after Larissa Fontaine.
She first performed the skill in the World Championships. A front salto tumbling skill on the floor exercise or balance beam, done in the tuck, pike or layout positions. A term applied to a whipping gymnastics and ballet dance movement. The movement may be a short whipped movement of the raised foot as it passes rapidly in front of or behind the supporting foot or the sharp whipping around of the body from one direction to another. Same as a Clear Hip Handstand. A front circling skill done on high bar or uneven bars that begins and finishes in a handstand and circles around the bar in a fully extended position with the hands holding onto the bar with a reverse grip.
A front tumbling skill that begins with a hurdle step and rotates degrees from feet to hands to feet again. Correct execution includes a strong shoulder block and straight arms and legs.
Front handsprings can be stepped out or landed on two feet. A mount for the uneven bars in which the body is supported by the hands and the hips rest on the bar. The body falls forward, pikes, the hands rotate around the bar and the gymnast ends up in a front support again.
Same as Forward Somersault. A split in which one leg is extended frontward and the other leg is extended backward, both at right angles to the trunk. Ideally, the legs are split at least degrees and are flat on the floor or beam , the hips are square facing to the front and both legs are turned out from the hips.
Also called Side Split or stride split. A control skill floor and beam move where a gymnast lunges into a split handstand and continues to walk over and step out onto the feet. This move requires both shoulder and back flexibility. A double back with a full twist on either of the saltos.
A back somersault with one full twist in the longitudinal axis, usually done in the layout position. A double salto with a full twist with the full twist being performed during the first salto. Also called a Full-in. A double twisting double somersault with a full twist on the first salto and a full twist on the second salto. Also called a full-out. A degree turn gymnastics or dance skill required on both floor and beam. The turn is traditionally done on one foot and the arms and legs are held and used in a variety of optional positions.
A floor exercise skill named after U. A balance beam skill named after U. It consists of a free shoulder roll forward to stand or tuck stand without hand support.
It starts from an extended tuck sit, Valdez swing over backward through horizontal plane with support on one arm.. A balance beam mount named after U. It is round-off, tucked full mount. A P-bar skill named after Jason Gatson. It consists of a swing backward with full turn hop to handstand. It has been rated as D level skill by the FIG. A high bar skill named after U. It is a front giant into a one-and-one-half front salto over the bar to regrasp - a front somersault in tuck, pike or straddled position over the bar.
Another high bar skill named after U. A degrees circling swing through around the bar from handstand to handstand, with the body fully extended.
It can be performed on uneven bars, high bar, rings and parallel bars, and can be done either backwards or forwards. A flyaway back salto with a one-half twist, followed by a re-grasp of the bar. Named for German gymnast Eberhard Gienger, who created and first performed the skill.
A ballet term used to describe a split leap, a large jump that is done from one foot to the other. See also Split Leap. A gymnastics and ballet movement where the gymnast stands with legs fully bent. A large bend; a movement that requires both knees to fully bend at the same time, and the body is lowered very close to the floor.
Grips are the leather straps that gymnasts wear to help keep a better grip on the uneven bars, high bar, parallel bars or rings. The purpose of grips is to help maintain a firm grip on the equipment and to help minimize the occurrence of rips. Uneven bar grips have 2 finger holes and a medium size dowel that is smaller than on grips for rings, but larger than the dowel for high bar.
High bar grips are typically 3 finger with a small dowel. Ring grips are 2 finger, long and have a large dowel. Parallel bar grips exist, but are rarely used. The clothes prescribed for wear while participating in a gymnastic competition or worn during a gymnastics practice. For women, this is most commonly called a leotard. Physical exercises designed to develop and display strength, balance, and agility, especially those performed on or with specialized apparatus.
Gymnastics is a sport involving the performance of sequences of movements requiring physical strength, flexibility, and kinesthetic awareness, such as handsprings and handstands. It developed from fitness exercises used by ancient Greek soldiers, including skills for mounting and dismounting a horse, and circus performance skills. On our site the term gymnastics is generally refers to artistic gymnastics, the Olympic competitive version of gymnastics consisting of four events for women Vault, bars, beam, floor and six events for men Floor, parallel bars, pommel horse, rings, vault and high bar.
Tumbling and trampoline, especially as they are used as training for artistic gymnastics are also extensively covered. There is room on this site for the discussion of rhythmic gymnastics, general gymnastics, sports acrobatics, etc. A tumbling skill and bar dismount that consists of a double salto with a half twist on the first salto and a half twist on the second salto, usually done like an Arabian double front with a half. The muscle at the back of thigh which is stretched when bending forward in a pike position with the leg straight.
Also called Grips Designed to help gymnasts on the bars, P-bars and rings. They are usually made up of a strip of leather and a wrist strap and held on with either a Velcro strap or a buckle.
The strip of leather has finger holes up the top. The gymnast's fingers should go down to the first knuckle and the number of these holes in the grips depends on the apparatus. On women's uneven parallel bars and men's high bar, the grips only go over the third and fourth fingers, but men's rings grips go over the index finger as well. Wrist guards are normally worn under grips and are cotton or foam padded bands. Some coaches and gymnasts make simple grips out of athletic tape.
Gymnasts use varying amounts of water, spit and chalk to prepare their grips just he way they want them. In general, with dowels produce a better grip on the bar and grips are used to help reduce friction between the bar and as the less friction that is generated, the less likely that rips torn open blisters will occur.
A front or back tumbling skill that takes off the feet onto the hands and back onto the feet. It is commonly a set-up for a front or back salto. A term used to indicate either a tumbling pass or vault involving a handspring and front salto. The handspring front vault is a double front vault with a handspring on the front side and a front salto on the back side.
The tumbling pass is two skill performed in sequence a front handspring directly connected into a front salto. An inverted gymnastics control skill performed by supporting the body on both hands, with the arms straight and the body vertical. It is a core gymnastics skill and used or passed through on every gymnastics event.
Performing a solid handstand requires above-average upper body strength. In a proper handstand, the legs are together, but there are a large variety of optional leg positions used on floor and beam. This is a high bar skill named after U. It consists of a double salto backward in layout, with full twist over the bar. This is a body position in gymnastics, usually in a handstand, during tumbling or during a giant, where the gymnast's head is down, with their chin tucked in on their chest or close to it.
This is the correct head position on handstands and many tumbling, bars and beam skills. It is a commonly heard coaching correction. A gymnast's head is up and their chin is tilted back. This automatically causes an arch in the back, which is a weak body position. There are very few skills in gymnastics and virtually none on bars where having the head out is desirable. A common maneuver on the parallel bars and now on uneven bars, high bar, beam and floor where a gymnast starts in a handstand and then falls forward, lifts one arm and executing a full-turn.
On the P-bars, a gymnast re-catches the bar in a support position and usually continues swinging to a handstand. On high bar and unevens, the gymnast re-catches the bar in a L-grip and continues swinging. On floor and beam, the gymnast lands out of a healy in a seated position Heel Drive: Coaches use this term or correction to inform their gymnasts that they want them to drive their heels harder up and over on the front side of a handspring vault or front handspring on floor.
Increasing heel drive creates more rotation and potential for block and power to be utilized on vault or tumbling. It can also refer to a split jump in side position with bending of rear leg backward upward that starts from a cross stand. This term denotes either the men's horizontal bar apparatus or event. It can also refer to the top bar on the women's uneven bars.
A very basic bar circling skill done on the uneven bars or high bar in which the body circles around the bar with the body touching the bar at the hips and the hands and arms supporting the body. There are both front hip circles usually done out of a kip and back hip circles done out of a cast.
Neither of these skills are used in optional competition any more. Back hip circles are a progression of free hips. Code of points - The official rulebook for judging gymnastics skills. These routines have elements and skills that gymnasts in a certain level of gymnastics should be able to perform and are determined by a governing body such as USA Gymnastics or International Federation of Gymnastics FIG.
Also called an iron cross. Dismount - The exit from an apparatus at the end of a routine; usually performed with a difficult twist or somersault. Dive roll - Describes a flying front somersault on the ground.
The gymnast runs, leaps into the air and dives onto the floor in a handstand position and does a forward roll at the end. Double back - Two back somersaults completed consecutively in the same skill movement. Double double - Two back somersaults with two twists.
One of the harder gymnastics skills performed on the floor exercise and usually performed in the layout or open tuck position. Double full - A single back somersault in the layout position with two twists. Elbow stand - A handstand performed on the forearms. Events - The routines done by men and women on the different apparatuses. There are four events for women: There are six events for men: Execution - How a routine is performed; the level of form and technique used to complete a routine.
A good execution might include tight legs, a good toe point, and a stuck landing. Extension - The height and stretch of the legs or arms that are raised during a dance movement.
Flexibility - The ability of the body to stretch into various positions without pain or damage. Flic-flac - Also see back handspring. A common gymnastic movement where a gymnast takes off from one or two feet, jumps backwards onto her hands and lands on her feet. Also known as a flip-flop or a back handspring. Flip - A tumbling element where the body does a somersault in the air without the hands touching the ground.
Also called a somersault or salto. Floor exercise - A routine consisting of a variety of dance and acrobatic maneuvers and is performed on a 40 foot square spring floor. Flyaway - A back somersault dismount from the uneven bars, horizontal bar, or parallel bars. It can be performed in either the tuck, pike or layout positions. Front giant - A forward circle around the bars starting and ending in a handstand position. This is performed with the hands in a reverse grip. Front handspring - A forward tumbling skill that starts with a step or a hurdle.
The body then bounces onto the hands and rotates through a handstand before landing on the feet. Front hip circle - A forward movement around the bar with the hips resting on the bar and the body rotating around the bar. Front somersault - A forward flip performed in the air without hands. It can also refer to a forward somersault on the ground. The entire skill is performed in a continuous motion. Full - A back somersault with one twist usually performed in the layout position.
Full turn - A complete degree rotation usually performed on one foot. It is a required element for both the balance beam and the floor exercise. The feet are normally turned out and are in first, second, third, fourth or fifth ballet position. Grips - Leather straps that gymnasts wear on their hands to help them maintain a firm and solid grasp of the bar. Also known as hand guards. Handspring - see also flic-flac A hand touch somersault used on various apparatuses where the body springs from the feet onto the hands and lands back on the feet.
It can be performed in either forward or backward direction; it is usually used to link movements of a routine together. Handstand - A movement where the body is balanced on the hands and the feet are in the air, with the legs together or in a straddle or split position. It is usually seen when a gymnast is in a handstand position.
Head out - A position in a handstand where the head is out away from the body causing the back to arch. Not a favorable position in most events. Healy - A gymnastics movement on the bars where a gymnast removes one arm while moving forward in a handstand and completes a full twist before re-grasping the bar with both hands. Hip circle - A circle around the bar in either the forward or backward motion where the hips are resting on the bar throughout the circle.
Hollow - A term referring to the body position of the gymnast. The hips are pulled under, the butt is tucked in and the core of the body is scooped in rounding the chest forward. Horse - Slang for the former vaulting apparatus for both men and women. Women would vault over it when it was sideways and men would vault over it length wise. In it was officially replaced with the vaulting table that both men and women use in competition. Hurdle - The step and skip that is used prior to a tumbling movement on the floor exercise.
It is usually seen right before a gymnast performs a round off. Kolman - A release move performed on the bars where the gymnast leaves the bar, performs two back somersaults and one full twist over the bar and then re-catches the bar at the end. It is named after Yugoslavian gymnast Alajz Kolman. Layout step out - A back somersault in the layout position where the legs are split in the air and the body lands on one leg followed by the other. It is normally performed on the balance beam as part of a tumbling series.
Leg circle - A pommel horse movement where the legs are together in a straight position and the body circles around the pommel horse. The hands alternate lifting up and down from one pommel to the other as the legs pass.
This can also be performed on the floor, parallel bars and balance beam. Lunge - A position of the body where the legs are spread apart on the ground and the front leg is bent and the back leg is straight.
The arms are generally above the head. Mixed grip - A term used to describe the grip of the hands on the uneven parallel bars and horizontal bar when one hand is in the forward grip position and the other hand is in the reverse hand grip position.
Mount - The entry onto apparatuses like the balance beam, parallel bars, uneven parallel bars, horizontal bars and pommel horse. It is also used to describe the first element in a gymnastics routine. Gymnasts spend many hours developing a routine that is suitable to the music as well as choosing a piece of music that will best fit the gymnast and her routine. Needle scale - An arabesque performed on the floor and balance beam where the body is lowered while the hands are touching the toes, floor or balance beam.
One leg remains planted on the floor or balance beam while the other leg is elevated up to the ceiling. Olympic order - The competition order for international competition, decided by FIG. The order for women: The order for men: The order for rhythmic gymnastics: Optionals - A category of gymnastics competition where the gymnasts and coaches create their own routines with individual skills and the required elements that are determined by the International Federation of Gymnastics FIG.
Optional gymnasts are ranked higher than compulsory gymnasts. Overshoot - A release move from the high bar to the low bar. The gymnast starts on the high bar, swings up and over the low bar, does a half twist and catches the low bar. P-bars - Nickname for the parallel bars. Peel - An involuntary release of the bar that generally results in a fall to the ground. This can happen on the uneven bars, p-bars or high bar. Pike position - When the body is bent forward at the hips with the legs straight.
Pirouettes - A ballet term that refers to the skill of turning the body on a longitudinal axis. It is either performed with one leg on the floor or while the body is in a handstand on the floor, balance beam or bars. The turns are generally measured by degrees of half turns. Pit - A training tool that consists of large pieces of soft foam that are used to cushion a landing.
It is used for almost every apparatus except the pommel horse. Pivot - A dance term that refers to a turn on the ball of the foot. The legs can either be bent deeply grande or slightly demi. Point - Refers to a gymnasts toes that are stretched from the ankle to the toes, creating a straight line with the floor.
A toe point is a very important element in gymnastics—judges expect to see pointed toes in almost all gymnastic movements. Pommel horse - The apparatus used by men that is similar to a vaulting horse, but has two sets of handles or pommels on either side of the horse 45 centimeters apart. It is generally cm high, 35cm wide and cm long. A pommel horse routine is performed by using circular body movements around the horse and adjusting the hands on and off the pommels.
Puck - A slang term that describes a gymnastics position that is in between a tuck and a pike position. It is not a position that is allowed in competition. Punch - A term that refers to bouncing off the floor, vault springboard, or balance beam instead of jumping. The legs are generally together and the reflexes are quick and strong. A common example is the punch front on the floor or balance beam: A forward somersault in the air that starts and ends with two feet.
Quadriffs - Any quadruple somersault with a twist. Release - A term that refers to the body leaving the bar. The body leaves the bar to perform an execution and then re-grasps the bar at the end of the execution. A release can performed on the uneven parallel bars, high bar or parallel bars. It requires extreme flexibility combined with ballet-type dance movements and is performed with props such as ribbons, balls, ropes and hoops.
Routines do not include difficult tumbling maneuvers. Rip - The tearing of a flap of skin from a gymnasts hand while performing on the bars. Round-off - A common gymnastic movement that leads into many more difficult skills. It is performed by pushing off one leg, swinging legs quickly in a cartwheel motion and landing on two feet. It is usually the initial skill in a tumbling pass. Routine - A combination of skills and dance moves, sometimes performed to music, on a singular apparatus.
Scale - A gymnastics and ballet position where one leg is raised high into the air ideally in a degree split while the other leg stays firm to the ground.
Scissors - A requirement for pommel horse competition. The legs make a back and forth and side to side motion over the apparatus. It can also be performed on the floor.
Sequence - A combination of two or more skills performed one after the other. Split - A stretching position of the legs. One leg is stretched in front of the body and one leg is stretched behind the body. Done correctly, the legs are parallel to the floor and straight without any bend to the knees. It can be performed in a jump, on the floor, or in a handstand and in a front to back position of straddle.
Spotting - The physical assistance of a gymnast while performing a new or dangerous skill. It helps to ensure that the gymnast will complete the skill safely. Spotting belt - A training tool that a gymnast will use to learn a new skill. It enables a gymnast to safely learn new skills as well as perfect skills already acquired and is usually attached to a trampoline.
Start value - A value placed on a gymnastics routine based on the degree of difficulty. Step out - Refers to landing on one leg followed by the other leg when completing a tumbling maneuver; as opposed to landing with two feet.
Stick - Slang term used for a landing that is executed with correct technique and little to no movement. The goal of a still rings routine is to keep the rings as still as possible while executing swinging maneuvers and strength poses.
Straddle - A position of the legs where one leg is extended to the left side of the body and the other leg is extended to the right side.
USA Gymnastics is the National Governing Body (NGB) for the sport of gymnastics in the United States, consistent with the Ted Stevens Olympic & Amateur Sports Act, the Bylaws of the United States Olympic Committee and the International Gymnastics Federation.
Relevé - A ballet term used to describe the body rising onto the balls of the feet. Rhythmic gymnastics - Officially called Rhythmic Sportive Gymnastics (RSG), it is a women’s Olympic sport that is performed by one to five women as a floor exercise. It requires extreme flexibility combined with ballet-type dance movements and is performed with .
A gymnastics apparatus used by men in artistic gymnastics. It consists of two m bars. PB The scoring abbreviation for the parallel bars. PH The scoring abbreviation for the pommel horse. Pike a position where the body is bent only in the hips. Pommel horse A gymnastics apparatus used by men in artistic gymnastics. Club Gymnastics: The term “Club Gymnastics” typically refers to gymnastics competed in college as a member of the National Association of Intercollegiate Gymnastics Clubs or NAIGC. Some colleges have a gymnastics team that competes along side other competitive sports teams in that college’s athletic conference along with a club team.
Gymnastics Jargon Definitions. Many terms are used in gymnastics that can be confusing to those not involved in the sport, or who have only been involved in the sport for a short time or even those involved in the sport from a different region. The following is a clarification on the meaning of these terms on this site. A Parents Guide to Gymnastics Terms All members of the Hershey Aerials participate and compete in the USA Gymnastics (USAG) Women's Junior Olympic program. It is the USAG's responsibility to oversee the competitive structure, along with its rules and.