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Example of Formal Outline

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Thanks for your visit. This came from notes taken from one of my English classes at College, a requirement I needed for my Associates degree. It helped me greatly in all my essay writing, which earned me all A's: Some good advice though some of these points tend to vary quite a bit from field to field.

I can't say that I write this way at all, though my method is not standard. This is a very helpful hub. I am currently working on my Bachelor's degree and I have to write a thesis statement on a paper that is due at the end of the session. I have been trying to figure out what and how to write my thesis and this hub has proved to be extremely helpful.

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To provide a better website experience, owlcation. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so. For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: Essay Form and Structure: How to Write an Essay Updated on September 23, Subject and Topic 1. You can find a subject in many ways. You can do so by, Freewriting brainstorming Looking in a dictionary Reading a Newspaper or magazine Looking in a journal or notebook Searching the internet 4.

Things to consider when shaping a topic: It should have an impact on the reader by being informative, entertaining, influential, emotional, or interesting. You will want to shape the topic to the appropriate length for your essay. Some ways to narrow a topic are by: Freewriting Making a list Examine subject from different angles Clustering 7.

A few of the purposes are: To inform the reader of something To persuade the reader to think or act a certain way.

You may want to think about entertaining the reader. Jot down everything you know about the topic in a short list. Ask yourself questions, and answer those questions. Start with the essential ideas and then connect ideas in a cluster.

Write a letter to yourself or someone else explaining exactly what you know about a particular idea or topic. Jot down things during the day that pertain to your topic as your thinking about developing your essay. Talk with other people about your topic see if they know anything that you may want to use in your essay. The Thesis Statement 1.

Thesis Statement The thesis tells what an essay is going to be about. It is a brief opinion on a limited subject, and it usually appears at the end of the introduction. It guides the reader; it tells the reader exactly how you are going to be developing this particular topic. It presents the main idea of the essay. Working Thesis Statement You should always begin your writing with a working thesis statement. This helps you to organize our ideas and set u the structure of the essay.

The Essay Map Once your have your thesis, you may want to start with an essay map. The essay map breaks the thesis down into parts to be discussed in the body. The e ssay map is generally one or two sentences that follow the thesis statement. The essay must be grammatically parallel. For example, this is a poor thesis statement: For example, this thesis statement is brief and specific: Have your essay explain exactly why apartment living is preferable to dorm living.

A Good Thesis Statement avoids: Shaping The Thesis Avoid b road statements. A thesis that is too broad will cause the writer to present a superficial discussion that will never get beyond the obvious.

Be specific and concise. Factual statements leave the writer with nothing to say, with no way to develop it. Avoid the Announcement Poor announcement example: Evaluating Thesis Statement Determine whether these thesis statements are broad, factual, announcements, or vague, and then think about re-writing them.

Setting Up the Essay 1. Essay Form and Structure Generally all essays have: In the Introduction you want to: Catch the readers attention Lead into the topic Present your thesis main idea 3. Creating Interest in Your Topic means: Providing background information on your thesis statement, some ways to do that is by: Tell a relevant story Explain why topic is important to your reader Present interesting images or use description that will keep readers interested.

Present an exciting problem or raise a provocative question. Present an opposing viewpoint. Body Paragraphs besides the introduction Body paragraphs will have two parts; topic sentence and supporting details. Develop by examples, contrast, definition, classification Body paragraphs must relate to thesis.

It must present facts and details to validate thesis. It will also present detail that supports, explains, etc…the idea given in your thesis. It will present the material to convince your reader of the validity of your thesis. This is important because the body paragraphs are the core of the essay. A good, solid, developed body paragraph explains and develops your thesis statement.

Topic Sentence The topic sentence provides focus by presenting the point the body paragraph will deal with, and usuallly appears at the beginning of the paragraph. This point will be something to support the thesis. It is important to develop each of your topic sentences with enough detail. Supporting Detail Supporting details involve all the information that explains the idea presented in the topic sentence. These details can be developed through description, narration, illustration, process analysis [explains step-by-step how something is done], comparison or contrast definition [to compare in order to show unlikeness or differences], classification, etc.

Pitfalls to Avoid Avoid one or two sentence paragraphs. These are seen in business writing; however in academic essays an average length body paragraph ranges from sentences, you want to have fully developed body paragraphs. Avoid ending a paragraph with a new idea. Avoid repeating the same idea in different ways. Avoid including more than one idea in a body paragraph. Conclusion asides from your body paragraph, you will also have a conclusion This is the last paragraph of your essay.

It leaves the reader with an overall reaction. It summarizes the main ideas of the essay. Gives the reader something to think about.

It looks back or looks ahead. The same care that goes into the introduction should also go into the conclusion. It is the last impression the reader has of your essay. Pitfalls to Avoid Avoid a conclusion that is out of proportion to the rest of your essay.

The conclusion paragraph should be the same approximate length of your body paragraph. Avoid a conclusion that is not suited to your audience, purpose, or thesis. Outlining Outlining helps organize ideas before drafting. Outlines can be detailed or sketchy, formal or scratch. Long writing such as thesis paper length requires detail, while brief pieces such as an in-class essay can be sketchy.

Example of Formal Outline. Types of Outlines Formal Outline The formal outline is the most detailed and structured outline. It allows you to plot main points and major supporting details. What is it that interests you? Jot these subjects down. Finally, evaluate your options. If your goal is to educate, choose a subject that you have already studied.

If your goal is to persuade, choose a subject that you are passionate about. Whatever the mission of the essay, make sure that you are interested in your topic. In order to write a successful essay, you must organize your thoughts.

This structure serves as a foundation for your paper. Use either an outline or a diagram to jot down your ideas and organize them. To create a diagram, write your topic in the middle of your page. Draw three to five lines branching off from this topic and write down your main ideas at the ends of these lines. Draw more lines off these main ideas and include any thoughts you may have on these ideas. If you prefer to create an outline, write your topic at the top of the page.

From there, begin to list your main ideas, leaving space under each one. In this space, make sure to list other smaller ideas that relate to each main idea.

Doing this will allow you to see connections and will help you to write a more organized essay. Now that you have chosen a topic and sorted your ideas into relevant categories, you must create a thesis statement. Your thesis statement tells the reader the point of your essay. Look at your outline or diagram. What are the main ideas? Your thesis statement will have two parts.

The first part states the topic, and the second part states the point of the essay. The body of your essay argues, explains or describes your topic. Each main idea that you wrote in your diagram or outline will become a separate section within the body of your essay.

Each body paragraph will have the same basic structure. Begin by writing one of your main ideas as the introductory sentence. Next, write each of your supporting ideas in sentence format, but leave three or four lines in between each point to come back and give detailed examples to back up your position.

Fill in these spaces with relative information that will help link smaller ideas together. Now that you have developed your thesis and the overall body of your essay, you must write an introduction. Begin with an attention grabber. You can use shocking information, dialogue, a story, a quote, or a simple summary of your topic.

Whichever angle you choose, make sure that it ties in with your thesis statement, which will be included as the last sentence of your introduction. The conclusion brings closure of the topic and sums up your overall ideas while providing a final perspective on your topic.

Your conclusion should consist of three to five strong sentences. Simply review your main points and provide reinforcement of your thesis.

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Sample Essay Letter. Dear Mrs. Leche, I am writing to discuss the current debate surrounding the abolishment of uniforms from this school. It is my hope that, upon reading this letter, it will be your decision to quash this suggestion at the assembly this Friday.

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To stand out, a cover letter must be outstanding: smart, engaging, concrete, detailed and polished to perfection. Melissa Dennihy gives pointers on how to do that.

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If you have no idea what an IELTS essay looks like or need to improve your writing skills - you're in the right place. I add new essays almost every day - subscribe and get them seconds after they've been published. Here you will find IELTS Writing samples (essays, letters, reports), written by . Writing the essay, personal statement or letter of intent What Admissions Committees Are Looking For: The most common mistake in the admissions essay is that it fails to demonstrate that the applicant has taken a thorough, probing, and analytical look at themselves and their motivations and objectives.

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Read more on Essay and Letter Writing Topics for SSC MTS. Write Formal & Informal letters as well. Begin your practice for Descriptive Test. Jul 11,  · Do you have an essay to write and do not know where or how to begin? Owlcation» Academia» Essays; Essay Form and Structure: How to Write an Essay. Updated on September 23, Evie Lopez. more. Contact Author. Do you have an essay to write and do not know where or how to begin? Write a letter to yourself or someone else explaining Reviews: