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Dissertation guide

How to write a literature review for a dissertation

❶Once you have a general idea of the problem and research questions you would like to address in your dissertation, the first step is often to begin reviewing the literature. Related Study Guides are:

What is a literature review?

What is a dissertation literature review? Example
Why do I need a literature review?
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We suggest rating the literature you have found first on relevance, then on scientific quality. Relevance A relevant publication is one that fits with your topic or problem very well. To determine the relevance of a book or article without having to read it in its entirety, start with just the introduction and conclusion.

This will often provide you with enough information to judge whether the publication is relevant to your work. As a general rule, try to use only articles that have been published in leading journals. Rankings such as the Journal Quality List will help you determine what these journals are. Looking at the expertise of contributing authors can also be helpful. Expert authors are usually affiliated with an academic institution, extensively published, and frequently cited by others.

Bear in mind that information from websites is often not reliable, with the exception of sites that are run by scientific, governmental, or intergovernmental institutions. Once you have identified the literature that you will focus on, the next step is to process the information you have found through a problem analysis or theoretical framework, for instance.

Ask yourself the following questions as you do so:. Analyzing all of your sources in this way will give you a clear picture of the field and how your research fits into it. The way in which you should present the results of your dissertation literature review vary by program. Your department should provide you with the relevant guidelines.

If you use the literature review to prepare a theoretical framework , for instance, the emphasis would be on defining terms and analyzing theories and models.

Academic language, structure and layout have a big impact on your grade for your thesis, essay or paper? Language mistakes can diminish the credibility of all your hard work.

That's the last thing you want, right? Discover the proofreading service. The citations in your dissertation literature review should be very accurate.

If you do not properly cite your sources, the information that you have used will be considered plagiarism. Plagiarism is a serious form of fraud that has severe repercussions. Have doubts or need help? Pay attention to your future reader. In case if your audience knows less than you know on the topic, you become an instructor.

If they know more than you do, you should perform understanding, expertise, familiarity and intelligence. A literature review investigates books, articles, dissertations, conference texts and other relevant sources. Literature review provides a background and a context for a paper by demonstrating the results of previous research. It is very essential to become familiar with previous achievements relevant to specific theory, issue, or area of research to move forward, suggest new ideas and fill in the gaps.

Demonstrating your knowledge about your field of study means that you also have to prove that you understand theories, vocabulary, key phenomena and variables, as well as history and methods. Moreover, creating a literature review also informs the author about the most important and influential research groups and researchers in the area. In a word, a little bit modified literature review could be a publishable and scholarly document.

Take a look at the list below. It is your step-by-step guide on how to write a dissertation literature review. One of the main things to understand about writing a literature review is that it is familiar to the process of performing primary research on your topic. This is where you make an impact by including concept, theories and models related to your topic.

You should always make sure there are different body paragraphs and the discussion section contains different headings. This will offer easy readability to the readers, and will also help you discuss the theories and other related literature in a logical manner. Each paragraph should state a different point and most importantly, the first line of each paragraph should be a topic sentence. This means that by reading the first line, readers should get an idea as to what this paragraph will talk about.

When explaining the theories, you can add direct quotes, but make sure that you cite them accurately. Not doing so might result in penalization. Presenting a critical view and analyzing the literature is another aspect that you should focus on while writing your literature review this will be discussed later in this article. This adds depth to your work and will help you to present a literature review that is well thought, well researched and well written.

Then comes the conclusion section of the literature review. In this section you should discuss the main concepts of the literature review. If you include new concepts and theories in your conclusion, your literature review would be considered as vague.

Your overall perspective of the topic and what you have gauged from the literature search and researches should be presented in this part. Furthermore, your concluding part should also include the gaps of the researches and you should present areas for further research and improvement this will be discussed towards the end of the article.

Writing a literature is not about explaining the concepts, models and theories. You cannot just state what has been said or found in the past researches. You have to be analytical about the theories and concepts you are discussing.

You need to understand how the researches link to your topic, what are the major trends and patterns that should be considered, what are similarities and differences between the sources and how these sources are helpful in conducting the present research.

This analysis should be presented in an unbiased manner. Refrain from expressing your own personal views, but make sure that the analysis is based on facts and is backed by researches as well. This is another aspect that adds strength to your literature review. Not all researches have covered each and every aspects of all topics. There is always something that needs to be researched, and with the world evolving at such a dynamic pace, there are concepts that need to be explored.

When writing your literature review, find out what more could have been studied and researched. Find out whether researches over those concepts have been conducted or not.

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In your review of literature you are expected to do the following: Place one's original work in the context of existing literature. Interpret the major issues surrounding your topic.

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A literature review surveys scholarly articles, books, dissertations, conference proceedings and other resources which are relevant to a particular issue, area of research, or theory and provides context for a dissertation by identifying past research.

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Randolph, Dissertation Literature Review framework for the self-evaluation of literature reviews concludes the article. Purposes for Writing a Literature Review Conducting a literature review is a means of demonstrating an author’s knowledge about a particular. Literature Review Examples. The dissertation literature reviews below have been written by students to help you with preparing your own literature review. These literature reviews are not the work of our professional dissertation writers.

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Writing the literature review of a dissertation is one of the most challenging tasks. Literature review is usually the second section of a dissertation. It shows your readers that you’ve read sufficient studies and researches related to the topic. In a dissertation, the aim of a literature review is to explore and discuss key published material relating to your dissertation topic and research questions. This is.